Turkey Libya Agreement United Nations
The agreement «was registered with the Secretariat in accordance with Article 102 of the United Nations Charter,» the registration deed said on Wednesday. According to UN procedures, the organization`s member countries indicate that agreements have been signed. Registration at the United Nations does not mean that the international body must approve an agreement, in this case the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan government of the national agreement. There is no authorisation mechanism in this context. In Libya, the signing of the memorandum elicited different reactions: it was welcomed by the government`s supporters of the national agreement, but rejected by supporters of Khalifa Haftar and the Tobruk Parliament. Ahmad Al Mismari, the official spokesman for Haftar`s forces, rejected the agreement and warned that «military force will be used to prevent any violation of Libyan sovereignty.»  Members of the Tobruk Parliament expressed similar sentiments, while President Aguila Saleh Issa sent a letter to the UN GENERAL SECRETARy, Antonio Guterres, in which they called the agreement «null and void». Saleh called for the agreement to be ratified by the Tobruk parliament and «Libya and Turkey have no common maritime borders.»  Turkish Rear Admiral Cihat Yaycé was one of the first to stress the importance of an EEZ agreement between Libya and Turkey. In his article, he highlighted Libya`s central role in efforts to limit maritime jurisdictions in the eastern Mediterranean. He added that an agreement signed last November to «determine the areas of maritime jurisdiction between Turkey and Libya is registered by the countries of the United Nations.» Following the signing of the agreement with Turkey, Libya gained 16,700 square kilometres of marine territory following the signing of the agreement. He also said that Libya could gain at least 39,000 square kilometres if it entered into an agreement with Italy and Greece under its rights with Turkey. The agreement on the delimitation of maritime transport also recognises Turkey`s rights in its exclusive economic zone (EEZ), which extends to the south-east of the island of Crete and thwarts all illegal attempts to contain the country`s EEZs in the Mediterranean.
The registration of the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan GNA at the United Nations is clearly an ambitious and encouraging signal to other coastal states for Ankara to have a say in the future development of the region`s gas and hydrocarbon reserves. While an exclusive policy can create tension and instability, inclusion and cooperation will definitely ensure a win-win outcome for all countries in this geostrategic region. In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement that designated an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. The announcement was made at a joint press conference with the foreign ministers of the two countries, during which inter in allia stated that the agreement provided for a partial delimitation of maritime borders between the two countries and that the remaining delimitation would be achieved through consultations.  The parliaments of both countries quickly ratified the agreement and in October 2020, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi signed the agreement, which was later published in the country`s Official Journal.  Turkey dismissed the agreement between Greece and Egypt as «null and void,» adding that Greece and Egypt had no common maritime border.  The Israeli perspective of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs comments that the agreement does not confer sovereignty over the claimed waters to Turkey and Libya.  In addition, it is said that third countries have been kept in the dark about the agreement between Libya and Turkey, raising questions about its legitimacy.  The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union.