What Is A Disadvantage Of An Executive Agreement

9 id. to 1312; See also Curtis A. Bradley, International Law in the U.S. Legal System 76 (2015) (considering that one of the reasons for the popularity of executive agreements is that it is «much easier to conclude the growing number of international agreements without submitting them to two-thirds of the Senate for approval»). A second limitation of this study is that, while the contracts indicate that they are considered a political instrument, they do not speak directly of the relative importance of the various assumptions for greater contract sustainability. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this sustainability, ranging from signal theory to the stability of senators` preferences, to the possibility that the consultation and approval process will reveal more credible information to negotiating partners. Of course, none of these statements exclude each other; Indeed, it may be naïve to think that a single theory can explain the choice between the engagement mechanisms for each agreement. However, since all the mechanisms in this analysis yield identical results, the results are not indicative for those who are interested in evaluating and comparing the relative importance of each of the proposed explanations. 42 Hathaway, supra note 1, at 1239-40 («Although there are models for the current practice of using either type of agreement, these models have no identifiable rational basis»). Future research could remedy this limitation by sorting agreements to a more detailed level than is possible for the excitement of TIF data. A particularly promising approach could result from the detailed content of individual agreements. Analysis of the text of the agreements would allow researchers to distinguish, for example, bilateral tax treaties aimed at avoiding double taxation, which are often concluded in the form of contracts, and other types of tax treaties.

The databases necessary to carry out these studies exist, footnote 105, but it has not been possible to consistently read and classify several thousand international agreements. Recent advances in computerized text analysis could prove successful in overcoming this restriction. Indeed, scientists have already begun to use text analyses to evaluate a limited number of international agreements, such as preferential trade agreements or bilateral investment agreements. B, footnote 107 and the same method can be used to examine international agreements more broadly.